The occurrence of disasters and crises, following both extreme natural events and technology-related accidents, demonstrates the limitations of traditional risk assessment and management. In the context of risk, resilience has been discussed as both a supplement and an alternative to conventional risk management. On the side of governments and industry, many organisations explicitly call for resilience-based strategies to help cope with unexpected and sudden shocks. IRGC describes resilience strategies as strategies that are needed when there is uncertainty about risk impacts and catastrophic consequences.

In the context of its work to improve the governance of systemic or emerging risks marked by uncertainty, IRGC therefore developed a web-based Resource Guide on Resilience for researchers and practitioners.

This resource guide is a collection of authored pieces including annotated bibliographies, which review existing concepts, approaches and illustrations or case-studies for comparing, contrasting and integrating risk and resilience, and for developing resilience. The guide is designed to help scientists and practitioners working on risk governance and resilience evaluation. It stresses the importance of including resilience building in the process of governing risk, including in research, policy, strategies, and practices. It further emphasises the need to develop metrics and quantitative approaches for resilience assessment and instruments for resilience management.

The IRGC Resource Guide on Resilience is available here.


Dr Igor Linkov (Risk and Decision Science Team Lead, Research and Development Center, US Army Corps of Engineers) and Marie-Valentine Florin (EPFL International Risk Governance Center) served as coordinators and editors for this collection of authored pieces.