IRGC Related Publications

IRGC’s concepts and methods are widely cited and applied also in external publications. Below, you will find a selection of recent IRGC related articles and publications:






  • Dreyer, M. & Renn, O. (2014). EFSA stakeholder and public involvement policy and practice: A risk governance perspective. In A. Alemanno & S. Gabbi (Eds.), Foundations of EU food law and policy (pp. 171-191). Dorchester: Ashgate.
  • Dreyer, M. & Renn, O. (2014). EFSA’s involvement policy: Moving towards an analytic-deliberative process in EU food safety governance? In C. Holst (Ed.), Expertise and democracy (pp. 323-352). Oslo: University of Oslo Press.
  • Klinke, A. & Renn, O. (2014). Expertise and Experience: A deliberative system of a functional division of labor for post-normal risk governance. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 27(4).
  • Lindoe, P. H., Baram, M. & Renn, O. (Eds.). (2014). Risk Governance of offshore oil and gas operations. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Müller-Grabherr, D., Florin, M.-V., Harris, B., Crilly, D., Gugic, G., Vegter, J. Slob, A., Borowski, I. & Brils, J. (2014). Integrated river basin management and risk governance. In J. Brils, W. Brack, D. Müller-Grabherr, P. Negrel & J. E. Vermaat (Eds.), Risk-informed management of European river basins (pp. 241-264). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Renn, O. (2014). Das Risikoparadox: Warum wir uns vor dem Falschen fürchten. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch.
  • Renn, O. (2014). Stakeholder involvement in risk governance. London: Ark Publications.
  • Renn, O. (2014). Emerging Risks: Methodology, classification and policy implications. Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response, 4(3), 114-132.
  • Renn, O. (2014). A generic model for risk governance: Concept and application to technological installations. In P. H. Lindoe, M. Baram & O. Renn (Eds.), Risk governance of offshore oil and gas operations (pp. 9-33). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Renn, O. & Klinke, A. (2014). Risk governance and resilience: New approaches to cope with uncertainty and ambiguity. In U. Fra Paleo (Ed.), Risk governance: The articulation of hazard, politics and ecology (pp. 19-42). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Renn, O. & Dreyer, M. (2014). Risk Governance: Ein neues Steuerungsmodell  zur Bewältigung der Energiewende. In J. Ostheimer & M. Vogt (Eds.), Die Moral der Energiewende. Risikowahrnehmung im Wandel am Beispiel der Atomenergie (pp. 211-229). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
  • Renn, O. & Klinke, A. (2014). Risk governance: Application to urban planning. ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, 11(1), 5-19.
  • Rosa, E. A., Renn, O. & McCright, A. M. (2014).  The Risk society revisited: Social theory and Governance. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  • Schweizer, P.-J. & Renn, O. (2014). IRGC projekt ‘A resource guide for developing and implementing science-based stakeholder involvement research: Policy, strategies, and practice’. In DIALOGIK (Ed.), Innovativ und partizipativ: Einblicke in die Arbeit von Dialogik (pp. 25-42). Stuttgart: Universität Stuttgart und DIALOGIK.



  • Jovanovic, A. S. & Renn, O. (2013). Search for the ‘European way’ of taming the risks of new technologies: The EU research project iNTeg-Risk. Journal of Risk Research, 16(3-4), 271-274.
  • Mahmoudi, H., Renn, O., Vanclay, F., Hoffmann, V., & Karami, E. (2013). A Framework for combining social impact assessment and risk assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 44, 1-8.
  • Renn, O. & Klinke, A. (2013). Risk governance: Concept and application to institutional risk management. In A. Alemanno, F. den Butter, A. Nijsen & J. Torriti (Eds.), Better business regulation in a risk society (pp. 17-36). Heidelberg and New York: Springer.
  • Renn, O. & Klinke, A. (2013). A framework of adaptive risk governance for urban planning. Sustainability, 5 , 2036-2059.
  • Renn, O. & Klinke, A. (2013). Space matters! Impacts for risk governance. In D. Müller-Mahn (Ed.), The spatial dimension of risk: How geography shapes the emergence of riskscapes (pp. 1-21). Milton Park and New York: Routledge.
  • Renn, O. & Benighaus, C. (2013). Perception of technological risk: Insights from research and lessons for risk communication and management. Journal of Risk Research, 16(3-4), 293-313.
  • Renn, O., Grieger, K. D., Øien, K. & Andersen, H. B. (2013). Benefit-risk trade-offs in retrospect: How major stakeholders perceive the decisionmaking process in the barents sea oil field development. Journal of Risk Research, 16(9), 1163-1185.
  • Sahliger, M. & Renn, O. (2013). Communication needs in a high risk Environment. In S. Hansen-Schirra & K. Maksymski (Eds.), Aviation communication: Between theory and practice (pp. 131-143). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
  • Wachinger, G., Begg, C., Renn, O. & Kuhlicke, C. (2013). The risk perception paradox: Implications for governance and communication of natural hazards. Risk Analysis, 33(6), 1049-1065.



  • Boholm, A., Corvellec, H. & Karlsson, M. (2012). The practice of risk governance: Lessons from the field. Journal of Risk Research, 15(1), 1-20.
  • Wintle, B. C. & Cleeland, B. (2012). Interpreting risk in international trade. Journal of Risk Research, 15(3), 293-312.



  • Brasse, E. P., Lofstedt R. & O. Renn (2011). Improving the decision-making process for non-prescription drugs: A framework for benefit-risk assessment. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 90(6), 791-803.


2010 and older

  • Bunting, C., Renn, O. & Florin, M.-V. (2007). Introduction to the IRGC risk
    governance Framework. The John Liner Review, 21(2), 7.
  • European Commission, Study on Risk Governance of European Critical Infrastructures in the ICT and Energy Sector, prepared for the European Commission by Risk Solutions, ESR Technologies and Dialogik (2009). This study applies the IRGC risk governance framework to risk governance in critical infrastructure. It is available here.
  • R. Steen and T. Aven, Comparisons and Discussion of Different Integrated Approaches, Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications, Vol.1-4 (2009)
  • Christopher Bunting, The International Risk Governance Council, its approach to risk governance and how public policy could benefit from improved risk governance, Horizons Canada (2009)
  • Jiang Jiadong, Zhao Hanping, Huang Chongfu and al. at Beijing Normal University,  Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response, Advances in Intelligent System Research, Vol.2 (2007)